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This types is just one of the most commonly known of our ancestors because of a quantity of major discoveries including a pair of fossil footprints and a fossil that is fairly complete of the female nicknamed ‘Lucy’.
A resconstruction of the Australopithecus afarensis skull centered on numerous specimens.
This cast of an Australopithecus afarensis hand shows the characteristic long, curved little finger bones. These are far more like the arms of living apes than these are typically contemporary hands that are human. The cross section associated with the little finger bones can be squarish, showing either a partly arboreal lifestyle or that this can be a primitive function retained after they relocated into an even more terrestrial life style.
Australopithecus afarensis upper jaw. Cast regarding the top jaw AL 222-1 discovered in Africa. This jaw cast shows a number of the a. This is certainly distinctive top features of the jaws and teeth including long and slim jaws, top jaws where in actuality the keeping of the final molar outcomes in tooth rows that curve in during the straight straight back, wide incisor teeth and long pointed canines.
History of finding
This types lived between 3.9 and 2.8 million years back.
Exactly What the true name means
Australopithecus means ape’ that is‘southern ended up being initially developed for a species present in South Africa. Here is the genus or team title and many closely associated types now share this title.
The phrase afarensis is founded on the area where a number of the very first fossils for this types were found – the Afar Depression in Ethiopia, Africa